Formation of Safety Culture among Students of Atomic Specialties in Universities of Ukraine

S. V. Barbashev, V. S. Kirov, Ya. O. Komarova, V. P. Kravchenko

Odessa National Polytechnic University,
1, Shevchenko av., Odesa, 65044, Ukraine

DOI: doi.org/10.31717/2311-8253.19.2.10

Abstract

Currently, in nuclear power engineering, the concept of safety culture is one of the essential elements that underlie the safety management system.
Safety indicators are reflection of effectiveness of safety culture during operation of nuclear power plants.
It is shown in the article that the operational indicators of Ukrainian nuclear power plants, such as the number of accounting violations, installed capacity coefficient, the ratio of carrying the nominal electrical load, which assesses the state of safety and safety culture, are below the world average.
Human factor is of great importance in ensuring an adequate level of safety of nuclear power plants, the willingness of staff to recognize safety as a top priority and to be committed to safety culture in their actions.
One of the reasons of the safety culture level reduction at nuclear power plants is insufficient training of personnel, so training of the future specialists in  nuclear industry should be already started in univerisites.
The authors believe that mastering the principles of safety culture in higher education institutions should be part of the overall modern process of ensuring and managing safety, which is recommended by the relevant safety guides of the International Atomic Energy Agency and documents of the World Association of Nuclear Power Plants. Besides, it will increase the efficiency of the results of the implementation of the relevant programs of the State Enterprise “National Nuclear Energy Generating Company ‘Energoatom’”.
To this end, it is proposed to include the discipline “Safety Culture in Nuclear Power” in the curricula of universities. Study the discipline will help students (future employees of nuclear power plants) to create concept of thinking which is based on the concept of safety culture aimed at unconditional compliance with safety requirements.

Keywords: nuclear energy, safety, safety culture, training in universities.

References

1. 75-INSAG-4. Safety Culture. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group. Vienna: IAEA, 1991, 51 p.

2. INSAG-15. Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group. Vienna: IAEA, 2002, 31 p.

3. INSAG-13. Management of Operational Safety at Nuclear Power Plants. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group.Vienna: IAEA, 2015, 72 p.

4. MT-D.0.03.486–09. Methods and Criteria for Assessing the State of Safety Culture in the State Enterprise “National Nuclear Energy Generating Company ‘Energoatom’”. Kyiv, 2009, 32 p. (in Russ.)

5. Power Reactor Information System. IAEA. Available at: www.iaea.org/pris. (accessed 15.03.2019).

6. The results of the work of SE “NNEGC ‘Energoatom’” for 2018. SE “NNEGC ‘Energoatom’”, 2019, 6 p. Available at: http://www.energoatom.kiev.ua/uploads/others/itogi_12_2018–1.pdf. (accessed 15.03.2019). (in Russ.)

7. Boldyrev V. M., Gitelman L. D., Sidanov I. A. (1986). Ekonomika, organizatsiya i planirovanie na AES [Economics, organization and planning at nuclear power plants]. Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 256 p. (in Russ.)

8. Tomilin S. A., Vasilenko N. P., Zheleznyakova A. V., Vasilenko I. S. (2017). Korporativnye tsennosti kak osnova formirovaniya professionalnogo samoopredeleniya studentov pri podgotovke spetsialistov dlya atomnoy otrasli [Corporate Values as the Basis for the Formation of Professional Self-Determination of Students in the Training of Specialists for the Nuclear Industry]. Pedagogika i prosveshchenie [Pedagogy and Enlightenment], no. 1, pp. 31–41. (in Russ.)

9. Begun V. V., Shirokov S. V., Begun S. V., Pismenny E. N., Litvinov V. V., Kazachkov I. V. (2012). Kultura bezopasnosti v yadernoy energetike [Safety Culture in Nuclear Power Engineering]. Kyiv, 563 p. (in Russ.)

10. WANO GL 2006–02. Principles of a Strong Safety Culture. WANO Guide. Moscow: WANO-MC, 2006, 14 p. (in Russ.)

11. WANO GL 2013–1. Signs of a Healthy Safety Culture. WANO Guide. Moscow: WANO-MC, 2013, 49 p. (in Russ.)

12. PM-D.0.03.531–17. A Program of Particular Actions Aimed at the Formation and Development of a Safety Culture in SE “NNEGC ‘Energoatom’” for 2017–2018. Kyiv, 2017, 42 p. (in Ukr.)

Full Text (PDF)


Published
2019-08-31

If the article is accepted for publication in the journal «Industrial Heat Engineering» the author must sign an agreement on transfer of copyright. The agreement is sent to the postal (original) or e-mail address (scanned copy) of the journal editions.

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.