On the Prospects for the Construction of New Nuclear Power Plants

A. V. Nosovskyi

Institute for Safety Problems of NPP, NAS of Ukraine,
12, Lysogirska st., Kyiv, 03028, Ukraine

DOI: doi.org/10.31717/2311-8253.19.3.1


The nuclear power plants (NPP), which were built more than forty years ago and are in operation today, demonstrate compliance with modern economic realities and competitiveness. The installed capacity ratios of the NPP have been increased significantly, allowing more electricity to be produced at the same installed capacity. Operating costs for NPP are predictable unlike power plants that burn organic fuel, where volatile fuel prices are a significant part of the cost of produced electricity.
There are many requirements for the nuclear industry — regarding the safety of NPP and the cost of solving safety problems. In recent years, the nuclear industry has significantly increased the safety level of NPP. However, a lot of tasks remain to be done to create simple economic evidence that will convince the community of the competitiveness of nuclear power, which will allow the decision to build new NPP.
The most important factor in the development of nuclear power in a free market of electricity is its competitiveness in comparison with other methods of electricity production.
The main problems of construction of NPP power units are considered in the article. The analysis of the state of nuclear power in the world is given, the main factors holding back the development of nuclear power are shown.
It is shown that the increasing needs for electricity, as well as the economic efficiency and competitiveness of nuclear power compared to other methods of electricity production, are key factors for the construction of new NPP.
International programs aimed at developing new projects to unite the efforts of many countries for the creation of innovative nuclear energy techologies are mentioned in the article. The implementation of these programs will ensure the development of nuclear power systems of fourth generation with high performance, increased cost-effectiveness and safety, which can be put into operation in the coming years.
It is concluded that an important task for the nuclear power industry of Ukraine along with ensuring the operation of NPP units in extra-project terms is a study to justify the optimal choice of promising nuclear installations for the replacement of decommissioning units. Therefore, taking into account current trends in the electricity supply market in the world and Ukraine, one of the ways is to upgrade the fleet of water-water energetic reactor units that exist in Ukraine for perspective, more economical and safer projects of the new generation of reactor plants. And in order to justify the choice of reactor type it is necessary to develop the scientific and technical and economic bases for the optimal choice of prospective nuclear installations.

Keywords: nuclear power, nuclear power plants, construction of new nuclear power units, economic efficiency, safety level, type of reactor installation.


1. [World Nuclear Power in 2011]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], 2012, vol. 7, pp. 28-33. (in Russ.)

2. International Atomic Energy Agency. Power Reactor Information System (IAEA-PRIS). Available at: https://pris.iaea.org/ PRIS/CountryStatistics/CountryStatisticsLandingPage.aspx.

3. Warning to German government of nuclear need. Nucleonics Week, 2004, vol. 21, no. 10, p. 7.

4. Biskonti A. (2004). [Why do Americans support nuclear power?]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 1, pp. 31-34. (in Russ.)

5. Kidd S. (2006). [Prospects for Nuclear Energy in Competition with Other Energy Sources]. Atomnaya tekhnika za rubez-hom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 3, pp. 31-33. (in Russ.)

6. Kolesnikova N. M. (2006). [Current status and development trends of nuclear energy in Western Europe], Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 4, pp. 11-17; vol. 5, pp. 3-15. (in Russ.)

7. Kidd S. (2004). [Will the era of building a large number of new reactors come]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 12, pp. 29-31. (in Russ.)

8. Kidd S. (2006). [How to argue for new construction]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 11, pp. 29-32. (in Russ.)
9. Perera Yu. (2005). [International initiatives for the development of nuclear power units and fuel cycles of new generation]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 7, pp. 21-26. (in Russ.)

10. Tokmachev G. V. (2006). [Westinghouse AP1000 nuclear power plants with enhanced fuel economy and safety]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 5, pp. 17-23. (in Russ.)

11. Cummins W. E., Corletti M. M., Schulz T. L. (2003). Westinghouse AP1000 Advanced Passive Plant. Proceedings of ICAPP’03 (Cordoba, Spain, May 4-7, 2003), paper 3235.

12. International Atomic Energy Agency (2005). IAEA-TEC-DOC-1474. Natural circulation in Water Cooled Nuclear Power Plants. Phenomena, models, and methodology for system reliability assessments. Vienna: IAEA, 640 p.

13. Khirai K. (2006). [Development of medium and low power reactors], Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 3, pp. 21-22. (in Russ.)

14. [Small reactors to replace large nuclear power plants: how Ukraine can ride a wave of global changes in energy], UNIAN: web-site. Available at: https://www.unian.net/economics/ energetics/10612260-malye-reaktory-na-smenu-krup-nym-aes-kak-ukraine-osedlat-volnu-globalnyh-izme-neniy-v-energetike.html. (in Russ.)

15. International Atomic Energy Agency (2005). IAEA-TEC-DOC-1485. Status of innovative small and medium sized reactor designs 2005. Reactors with conventional refuelling schemes. Vienna: IAEA, 704 p.

16. Isaev A. K. (2006). [French compact reactor SCOR with a thermal capacity of 2000 MW]. Atomnaya tekhnika za ruhezhom [Nuclear technology abroad], vol. 11, pp. 9-17. (in Russ.)

17. Kostin V. I., Petrunin V. V, Samoylov О. B., Kurachenk-ov A. V. (2007). [VBER-300 reactor installation and units based on it for regional nuclear power], Atomnaya energiya [Atomic energy], vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 35-39. (in Russ.)

Full Text (PDF)


If the article is accepted for publication in the journal «Industrial Heat Engineering» the author must sign an agreement on transfer of copyright. The agreement is sent to the postal (original) or e-mail address (scanned copy) of the journal editions.

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.