T. D. Lev, O. G. Tishchenko, V. N. Piskun
Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, NAS of Ukraine,
12, Lysogirska st., Kyiv, 03028, Ukraine
Depending on the scale of the tasks that must be performed when assessing and predicting the radioecological situation and the level of decision-making on environmental and rehabilitation measures, various options are proposed for creating digital cartographic information. Three spatial levels are considered: state, regional and local. When creating cartographic layers, the methodologies of landscape-basin and radioecological zoning of the territory are used. The geographical features of the territory, the radioecological characteristics of landscapes, soils, vegetation and the updating of this information according to remote sensing data are taken into account. The collected material on radioecological studies of the territory of radioactive contamination of Ukraine after the global accident at the Chornobyl nuclear power plant was used, analyzed and implemented in our research. New possibilities of using cartographic material to solve the spatial problems of radioecological research were studied and proposed. Cartographic data on the properties of the underlying surface: roughness parameter, type of underlying surface, type of vegetation, terrain height, land use structure and other data are agreed upon after an expert assessment. The prepared maps and attributive information about the natural and environmental characteristics of the territory are used to assess and predict the radioecological situation at different stages of the development of a radiation accident using a complex of numerical and physico-statistical models developed at the Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, NAS of Ukraine (atmospheric transport models and models for calculating aerial and root vegetation contamination). A methodology is proposed for constructing basic and thematic cartographic layers using two methods (for ordinary network cells and typological objects) at three spatial levels using modern geographical information systems (ArcGIS, MapInfo) and remote sensing data, taking into account the requirements of models. Radioecological zoning is carried out and the degree of criticality or vulnerability of the territories of possible radioactive contamination is assessed.
Keywords: cartography, radioecological situation, criticality of the territory, zoning, typological objects, remote sensing, GIS procedures.
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