Requirements for the scientific articles
1. General rules
1.1. Unpublished previously articles which correspond to the profile of the journal and have scientific and practical value can be accepted to the journal “Nuclear Power and the Environment”. Text of the articles and all materials should be thoroughly edited, revised and signed by authors.
1.2. Articles that are results of works conducted in other organizations should have accompanying document from these organizations. Document on the possibility of open publishing of materials as well as author`s consent to disseminate them through the Internet should be submitted to the editorial board with the article (Copyright license agreement).
1.3. Materials submitted to the editorial staff for publication are subject to mandatory review. Reviewers’ comments are sent to the developer of materials without names of reviewers. After receiving reviews and
author answers editorial council takes decision on possibility and procedure of article publishing. Editorial staff reserves the right to decline the article without giving reasons. Manuscripts are not giving back to authors. Little stylistic, nomenclature and formal corrections (changes) are made without consultation with authors.
1.4. The manuscript should be submitted in hard copy with signatures of all authors on the last page as well as electronic copy (on an electronic medium or via e-mail). An article is submitted in a single copy in Ukrainian, Russian or English.
1.5. An electronic version of the article should be made in Microsoft Word format according to the following requirements: font – Times New Roman; font size – 14 pt; paragraph spacing – 1.5, hyphenation – without hyphenation; alignment – justify; font color – black; paragraph indention – 1.5 cm; margins size, mm: left – 30 mm, right – 10 mm, top – 20 mm, bottom – 25 mm.
1.6. Total article size with graphic materials should not exceed 18 pages in A4 format.
1.7. The UDC of the article should be presented on its front page. The following information should be provided in Ukrainian, Russian and English:
- name and surname of the author;
- academic degree, rank, position;
- full name of organization, where the author works, its postal address;
- title of the article;
- abstract and keywords.
1.8. In case of coauthorship, it is needed to specify the author, responsible for contacting with editorial staff, his phone number and e-mail address.
1.9. Graphical material (black and white) is submitted in separate from the text files in the format EPS, TIFF or JPG (density of dots per inch is not less than 300 dpi). Images should be as clear as possible. Names and detailed explanation of the content should be given in captions but not in the illustrations themselves. If images have small amount of data, they should be replaced with description in the text. If image consists of a few images (a, b, c, …), captions should contain description of every image.
Charts should clearly show large amount of data. Aim of charts is to show functional and statistical correlation between objects. When making charts in the article, author has to be sure that all axis have captions, all units of measure are indicated, all curves and data set are signed.
Schemes help to identify key details in the process, therefore they should be deprived of unnecessary information. When making scheme it is needed to write all key elements and give additional explanation in its title and main text.
1.10. Tables should be numbered consistently according to the first mention in the text. Each table should have its title before it. It is needed to spell out every unusual abbreviation in footnotes, using following consistency: *, **. Make sure each table is cited in the text.
1.11. Formulas are made in formula editor MathTypes Equation or MS Equation. They are numbered in round brackets on the right. Only formulas which have references in the text are numbered. Greek and Cyrillic letters in formulas should be typed in normal font, latin – in italic font. Symbols of measures and simple formulas in the text and tables should be typed as text elements (but not as objects of formula editor).
1.12. Reference to the figure, chart, scheme or table is mandatory in the article text and it has to be mentioned directly before figure, chart, scheme or table.
1.13. Abbreviations of words, expressions, names, and terms (except generally accepted) are possible only after their full mention in the text. Further, such word or expression should be used only in a short form.
Units of measurement should be specified in corresponding (appropriate) metric units or in their decimal multiple units.
1.14. The editorial staff do not consider materials, which do not meet specified requirements.
1.15. Payment of royalty is not provided.
2. Structure and content of the article
2.1. The article should be built according to the traditional for the international scientific periodicals plan. It must be structured by sections and be completed with clear conclusions, where concise results of work and proposals of the author flow from the presented material.
2.2. Title of the article should reflect the main idea of the research; emphasize the importance of the work. It should be concise and interesting to the reader.
The author should think why his research is of interest to other scientists. If the title gives clear answer to this question, the article will attract many readers.
2.3. Author’s surnames in English are submitted according to the international transliteration system (from Ukrainian – according to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers no. 55 on 27.01.2010 “About ordering of the transliteration of Ukrainian alphabet in Latin”, from Russian – according to “the Library of Congress Slavic (Russian) Transliteration”). Transliteration of surnames in different systems lead to duplication of author`s profiles (identifiers) in database (the profile is creating automatically if its data is matched in two publications).
It is very important to specify author’s place of work when creating full and correct profile. Data on author’s publication is used to obtain full information on scientific activity of the organization. Use in the article official (without abbreviations) name of the organization will prevent loss of articles in the system of analysis of organizations and authors.
2.4. Abstract is brief information on the content of the article. Many readers will familiarize only with article’s abstract, so it must be easy to understand if it is published separately from the article. The abstract should not duplicate information containing in the title.
Abstract in Ukrainian and Russian should be approximately 1000 characters and contain main information on the article`s content. Since the abstract in English is the only source of information on the content of the article for foreign specialists, it should be longer in length (at least 1800 characters), more structured and should not be translation of Ukrainian or Russian abstract. Structuring according to the main elements of the article (relevance, materials and methods, conclusions, etc.) is an optimal variant for such abstract. The abstract should be informative (deprived of general words), substantive (show main content of the article and results of the research) and contain terminology, typical for international special texts. Unedited automatic translation, made with the help of online services, is unacceptable.
2.5. Keywords are used for indexing of works in electronic systems and on Internet. The better key words will be chosen to the work, the more people will be able to find the article, using these words when they search. It will help to increase readability of the article, and therefore increase possibility of its citing. Key words should show the content of the article and be specific in their subject area.
2.6. The structure of the article includes the following sections:
- state of the problem and analysis of literature data;
- setting of the research tasks;
- materials of the research, experimental part;
- interpretation and approbation of the results;
2.6.1. Introduction should provide the reader the information (in particular informative purpose), necessary for understanding studied issue and reasons for which the author conducts research. It is needed to show precondition of conducting research: to give general understanding of the issue, which the author raised and substantiate the relevance of the research, describe the issue and topic as well as to give relevant knowledge related to defined scientific tasks.
2.6.2. State of the issue and analysis of the literature data give the opportunity to define “niche” where authors conduct scientific research. You should write the section according to publications of periodical scientific editions (books, monographs, standards, reports are not among such editions). Review of the periodicals on the studied by the author issue should include sources not more than 10 years ago (in the IT – 5 years ago). Review of international scientific periodicals is mandatory. This section is one of the most important because it explains how much the author understands the state of the issue, which he is going to study.
In the literature review author covers unsolved earlier by other authors issue; provides reasons of the research; clearly defines aims of the research, which should correlate with another part of the manuscript; gives references to the important sources, which give the opportunity to fully reveal the essence of the issue.
Correct literature review includes:
- quoting of the most relevant results of previous researches and explanation how they correlate with current researches;
- reference to the studies of different research groups;
- reference to the original researches but not to the big amount of review articles;
- maximum benefit from the cites for the reader (reader is not interested when the author refer to the big amount of his own works or other works to show the depth of his knowledge);
- reference to the results of other researches, which contradict the results obtained by the author (if available) or confirm them.
There are useful resources for selection of the literature review:
- scientometric databases;
- repositories and catalogues (they may include not only description of articles or references to the journals, but allow to choose narrow specialized edition where the author can find necessary articles);
- digital libraries (may have advanced search tool or provide only alphabetical or topical list of headings; however, there are many topical libraries, which contain information only on narrow subject area);
- WorldCat is a catalogue of libraries (contains information on journals and books as well as articles; allows to choose the list of topical libraries);
- DOAJ is a directory of journals in the public domain, includes over 7000 scientific and academic journals in electronic format (readers have an opportunity to review the full text of the article unlike subscription databases as Scopus).
Sources in the text should be sorted by the order of mentioning.
2.6.3. Materials of the research, experimental part is a section where according to the content it should be clear how the author obtained results. It is necessary to describe the system of the research (methods, methodology etc.). Methods used for data processing, should be reasonable (build on the statistics). The author who used the methodology of published research should refer on it and give the summary of the procedure in the text of the article.
Results of the research should be clearly defined as well as conclusive results should be objectively supported (for example with results of mathematical, statistical simulation, field experiments and fundamental provisions of scientific disciplines in appropriate subject area).
2.6.4. Interpretation of results and their approbation (testing) imply examples of practical solutions (results of numerous experiments, charts etc.) according to the scientific results. Examples allow assessing adequacy of offered theoretical solutions and their practical value. It is necessary to specify in which conditions the research results have been introduced or can be implemented.
If results do not belong to the main aim of the article they may be compiled (it is not necessary to publish detailed data). However, in case of lack of information the reader may lose credibility in the research assuming that author tries to hide weak points.
2.6.5. Conclusions show how much the material comply with its aims specified in the introduction. It should be pointed out if there are any alternatives interpretation of the results and compare them with results of other researches.
It is appropriate to define which results of scientific research may influence on the future researches, if there are any restrictions in the research. You should check compliance of described conclusions with received data.
All quotes, methods, models, figures, tables etc., borrowed from other works, must be accompanied by reference to the original source.
Reference to the list of literature should be numbered consistently according to their appearance in the text. Since references play key role in many sections of the article, inability to give sufficient number of references to other works may decrease chances of the article to be published. Every statement of fact or description of previous conclusions should be accompanied by the reference to the original source.
Correct description of the sources to which the author give reference, is a guarantee that the cited publication will be taken into account in the process of evaluating the scientific activity of its authors, and hence the organization, region, country. Scientific level, credibility etc. are determined by the citing of the journal.
In order to include the journal to the international databases, it is necessary to use in the articles relevant standards of applying the references.
Two lists of references should be placed after the article.
1) Bibliography is sources in the original language made according to requirements of Ukrainian bibliographical description DSTU GOST 7.1:2006 “Bibliography record, bibliographical description. General information and procedure of the composition”.
2) References in Harvard style BSI (British Standards Institution).
References should be numbered consistently according to their appearance in the text. Since references are very important in many sections of the article, inability to provide sufficient number of references to other works may reduce chances of the article to be published.